Wise County was formed in 1856 from Lee, Scott, and Russell Counties. It was named for Henry Alexander Wise who was governor of Virginia from 1856 to 1860. The county seat is the town of Wise. After the Civil War the town of Wise grew and the county's industry expanded because of the growth of the railroads and the increased mining of coal in the region. Noted novelist John Fox Jr. lived in the town of Big Stone Gap here for a portion of his life and wrote the best-selling novels The Trail of the Lonesome Pine and The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come.
Geographic Location: Wise County
Physical Description of Location: US 58 Alt. (Castlewood Drive), St Paul, VA 24283. Marker is on right when traveling west on Castlewood Drive about 500 feet past intersection with Wise Street.
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