In this region near the Rappahannock River once stood the Rappahannock Indian village of Toppahanock. When John Smith explored this region in 1607 and 1608, he found fourteen Rappahannock villages along both banks of the river. The river was the center of the Rappahannocks' ancestral lands and served as a food source and travel network. The Rappahannock River was formerly known as the Opiscatumek. Sometime before 1607, the Rappahannock Indians asserted themselves as the dominant group on the river.
Geographic Location: Essex County
Physical Description of Location: Tappahannock, VA 22560. Located on Tidewater Trail (Hwy 17), 0.75 miles northwest of the intersection of Tidewater Trail (Hwy 17) and State Route 627. Marker is on the left when traveling northwest on Tidewater Trail (Hwy 17).
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