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This Week in Virginia History

October 3 – October 9

· 1720 – Andrew Lewis was born on October 9th, General, House of Burgesses rep., and Virginia Executive Council member.
· 1734 – General William Woodford was born at Windsor, VA on October 6.
· 1776 – Montgomery County was formed in memory of Brig. Gen. Richard Montgomery, who died Dec 31, 1775.
· 1776 – Henry was formed after of Patrick Henry, who lived here from 1779-1784.
· 1776 – Washington County was formed in honor of President George Washington.
· 1780 – General William Campbell led his Virginian soldiers to victory during the Revolutionary was at the Battle of King’s Mountain on October 7.
· 1781 – Banastre Tarleton, commanding the cavalry of Cornwallis’s army, was forced to retire to Gloucester Point after the Action with Choisy’s French force and Virginia militia on October 3.
· 1832 – Randolph-Macon College opened October 9, and was later relocated to Ashland County.
· 1864 – Capt. John Hanson McNeill led his 30 troops to victory on October 3 against a hundred-man detachment of the 8th Ohio Cavalry Regiment.
· 1864 – Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s raid of the Shenandoah Valley began on October 6.  This was one of the first uses of scorched earth warfare.
· 1864 – Sergeant “Big Yankee” Ames was killed on October 9 on the way to Benjamin Cook Shacklett’s house.
· 1864 – On October 7, the last large Confederate offensive north of the James River, the Battle of Darbytown Road, was fought.  Gen. Robert E. Lee personally supervised the operation.
· 1918 – Earle D. Gregory became the only Virginian during WWI to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, for singlehandedly capturing a machine gun, a howitzer, and 22 Germans on October 8th.

September 26 – October 2

· 1608 – The First Poles and the First Germans arrived at Jamestown aboard the Mary and Margaret.
· 1646 – The Indian Treaty of 1646 was signed by Necotowance and ratified by the Grand Assembly recognizing Indian subjection to the English Crown.
· 1781 – General Andrew Lewis, noted pioneer, soldier and statesmen died September 26 in Salem.
· 1864 – On September 29, the Battle of New Market Heights, part of the broader Richmond-Petersburg Campaign was fought in Henrico County.
· 1872 – William Addison Caldwell registered as the first student of Virginia Tech.
· 1874 – Edwin Everard Goodwyn, noted businessman, civic leader and soldier was born in Greensville County September 26.
· 1882 – Adele Goodman Clark, noted suffragette and artist was born September 27.
· 1889 – Ira Noel Gabrielson, pioneer conservationist and first president of the World Wildlife Fund was born September 27.
· 1896 – Future Virginia Governor, William Munford Tuck, was born September 28, in Halifax county.
· 1901 – The first high school for blacks in Richmond County, the Northern Neck Industrial Academy opened its doors in October.
· 1903 – The ballad inspiring train Wreck of the Old 97 occurred on September 27 in Danville.
· 1930 – Legendary Piedmont Blues performer, John Cephas, was born September 30.

August 23 – September 4

· 1704 – The Virginia Council Punished The Nanzaticco Indians for killing a white settler in response to continued encroachment on their lands.
· 1716 – The Knights of the Golden Horseshoe, led by Alexander Spotswood, was in the midst of their westward exploration of present day Shenandoah Valley.
· 1785 – Peter Cartwright, noted Methodist circuit rider in the old Northwest was born in present day Nelson County.
· 1800 – Gabriel’s Rebellion, a planned slave revolt was delayed by weather and subsequently thwarted when word of the planned rebellion got out.
· 1861 – Confusion between the colors of Union and Confederate flags during the First Battle of Manassas resulted in the creation of the Confederate Battle Flag.
· 1862 –The Battle of Second Manassas was fought, followed two days later by the Battle of Chantilly, concluding the Northern Virginia Campaign.
· 1862 – Given confidence by recent confederate victories, Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia north to begin the Maryland Campaign.
· 1864 – The Battle of Berryville was fought during Sheridan’s Valley Campaign.
· 1865 – Henry D. “Hal” Flood, future Virginia politician and U.S. Congressman was born.
· 1867 – Notable Southside Virginia industrialist Gordon Linwood Vincent was born.
· 1867 – Former slave, John Jasper, founded the Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church in Richmond.
· 1902 – Mountain Evangelist, the Reverend Robert Sayers Sheffey died in Giles County.
· 1908 – Orville Wright’s First Virginia Flight occurred at Fort Myer.
· 1925 – The Future Farmers of Virginia, later used as the model for Future Farmers of America, was founded at Virginia Polytechnic Institute.

August 22 – 28

· 1650 – The first documented English exploration of southside Virginia departed Fort Henry (present day Petersburg).
· 1665 – “The Bear and the Cub”, the first play recorded in present day United States was presented in Accomack County.
· 1724 – German Town was officially established with a land grant from Lord Fairfax to 12 German families.
· 1791 – Bob Benge led a Native American raid on Faris Station in present day Scott County.
· 1800 – Ben Woolfolk began recruiting other slaves to participate in a planned slave rebellion which came to be known as Gabriel’s Rebellion.
· 1831 – Nat Turner’s Rebellion occurred in present day Southampton County.
· 1862 – Events of the Northern Virginia Campaign (Campaign of Second Manassas) were unfolding leading up to the Battle of Second Manassas.
· 1867 – Robert Russa Moton, African American educator and civil rights leader was born in Amelia County.
· 1904 – Undine Smith Moore – African American composer and educator was born in Jarrett.

 

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Tarleton, commanding the cavalry of Cornwallis’s army, was forced to retire to Gloucester Point after the action with Choisy’s French force and Virginia militia, October 3.
Capt. John Hanson McNeill led his 30 troops to victory on October 3 against a hundred-man detachment of the 8th Ohio Cavalry Regiment.
General William Wooford was born at Windsor, VA on October 6.
Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan began his raid of the Shenandoah on October 6. This was one of the first uses of scorched earth warfare.
Montgomery County was formed in memory of Brig. Gen. Richard Montgomery, who died Dec 31, 1775.
Pittsylvania was formed in honor of Patrick Henry, who lived here from 1779-1784.
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