This Week in Virginia History
October 3 – October 9
· 1720 – Andrew Lewis was born on October 9th, General, House of Burgesses rep., and Virginia Executive Council member.
· 1734 – General William Woodford was born at Windsor, VA on October 6.
· 1776 – Montgomery County was formed in memory of Brig. Gen. Richard Montgomery, who died Dec 31, 1775.
· 1776 – Henry was formed after of Patrick Henry, who lived here from 1779-1784.
· 1776 – Washington County was formed in honor of President George Washington.
· 1780 – General William Campbell led his Virginian soldiers to victory during the Revolutionary was at the Battle of King’s Mountain on October 7.
· 1781 – Banastre Tarleton, commanding the cavalry of Cornwallis’s army, was forced to retire to Gloucester Point after the Action with Choisy’s French force and Virginia militia on October 3.
· 1832 – Randolph-Macon College opened October 9, and was later relocated to Ashland County.
· 1864 – Capt. John Hanson McNeill led his 30 troops to victory on October 3 against a hundred-man detachment of the 8th Ohio Cavalry Regiment.
· 1864 – Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s raid of the Shenandoah Valley began on October 6. This was one of the first uses of scorched earth warfare.
· 1864 – Sergeant “Big Yankee” Ames was killed on October 9 on the way to Benjamin Cook Shacklett’s house.
· 1864 – On October 7, the last large Confederate offensive north of the James River, the Battle of Darbytown Road, was fought. Gen. Robert E. Lee personally supervised the operation.
· 1918 – Earle D. Gregory became the only Virginian during WWI to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor, for singlehandedly capturing a machine gun, a howitzer, and 22 Germans on October 8th.
September 26 – October 2
· 1608 – The First Poles and the First Germans arrived at Jamestown aboard the Mary and Margaret.
· 1646 – The Indian Treaty of 1646 was signed by Necotowance and ratified by the Grand Assembly recognizing Indian subjection to the English Crown.
· 1781 – General Andrew Lewis, noted pioneer, soldier and statesmen died September 26 in Salem.
· 1864 – On September 29, the Battle of New Market Heights, part of the broader Richmond-Petersburg Campaign was fought in Henrico County.
· 1872 – William Addison Caldwell registered as the first student of Virginia Tech.
· 1874 – Edwin Everard Goodwyn, noted businessman, civic leader and soldier was born in Greensville County September 26.
· 1882 – Adele Goodman Clark, noted suffragette and artist was born September 27.
· 1889 – Ira Noel Gabrielson, pioneer conservationist and first president of the World Wildlife Fund was born September 27.
· 1896 – Future Virginia Governor, William Munford Tuck, was born September 28, in Halifax county.
· 1901 – The first high school for blacks in Richmond County, the Northern Neck Industrial Academy opened its doors in October.
· 1903 – The ballad inspiring train Wreck of the Old 97 occurred on September 27 in Danville.
· 1930 – Legendary Piedmont Blues performer, John Cephas, was born September 30.
August 23 – September 4
· 1704 – The Virginia Council Punished The Nanzaticco Indians for killing a white settler in response to continued encroachment on their lands.
· 1716 – The Knights of the Golden Horseshoe, led by Alexander Spotswood, was in the midst of their westward exploration of present day Shenandoah Valley.
· 1785 – Peter Cartwright, noted Methodist circuit rider in the old Northwest was born in present day Nelson County.
· 1800 – Gabriel’s Rebellion, a planned slave revolt was delayed by weather and subsequently thwarted when word of the planned rebellion got out.
· 1861 – Confusion between the colors of Union and Confederate flags during the First Battle of Manassas resulted in the creation of the Confederate Battle Flag.
· 1862 –The Battle of Second Manassas was fought, followed two days later by the Battle of Chantilly, concluding the Northern Virginia Campaign.
· 1862 – Given confidence by recent confederate victories, Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia north to begin the Maryland Campaign.
· 1864 – The Battle of Berryville was fought during Sheridan’s Valley Campaign.
· 1865 – Henry D. “Hal” Flood, future Virginia politician and U.S. Congressman was born.
· 1867 – Notable Southside Virginia industrialist Gordon Linwood Vincent was born.
· 1867 – Former slave, John Jasper, founded the Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church in Richmond.
· 1902 – Mountain Evangelist, the Reverend Robert Sayers Sheffey died in Giles County.
· 1908 – Orville Wright’s First Virginia Flight occurred at Fort Myer.
· 1925 – The Future Farmers of Virginia, later used as the model for Future Farmers of America, was founded at Virginia Polytechnic Institute.
August 22 – 28
· 1650 – The first documented English exploration of southside Virginia departed Fort Henry (present day Petersburg).
· 1665 – “The Bear and the Cub”, the first play recorded in present day United States was presented in Accomack County.
· 1724 – German Town was officially established with a land grant from Lord Fairfax to 12 German families.
· 1791 – Bob Benge led a Native American raid on Faris Station in present day Scott County.
· 1800 – Ben Woolfolk began recruiting other slaves to participate in a planned slave rebellion which came to be known as Gabriel’s Rebellion.
· 1831 – Nat Turner’s Rebellion occurred in present day Southampton County.
· 1862 – Events of the Northern Virginia Campaign (Campaign of Second Manassas) were unfolding leading up to the Battle of Second Manassas.
· 1867 – Robert Russa Moton, African American educator and civil rights leader was born in Amelia County.
· 1904 – Undine Smith Moore – African American composer and educator was born in Jarrett.
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