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The Hand Site Marker, U-116

East of here near the Nottoway River stood a Late Woodland Indian settlement occupied intermittently circa A.D. 700 to 1650, and long claimed by the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway). Excavated in the 1960s, occupation phases included features such as a fortified town and burials. In an area flanked by Iroquoian Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) and Meherrin to the north- and southwest, and by Algonquian Weyanoke, Nansemond, and Chowanoke tribes to the northeast and south, the site shows influences from both linguistic groups which may indicate both trade and use by different groups at different times. Archaeologists also found 17th century European iron scissors and hand wrought nails.

Marker Information:
Date Approved by DHR: 06/16/2011
Year On Marker: 2011
Original Sponsor: Archaeological Society of Virginia Nansemond Chapter, Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe of Southampton County
Region: Tidewater Region
Geographic Location: Southampton County
Physical Description of Location: Proposed Location - Northbound side of VA State Route 671, General Thomas Highway, approximately 300 yards where it intersects with VA State Route 734.
GPS Location: 36.644055,-77.030431
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