The Great Indian Road, called Philadelphia Wagon Road by many settlers, was developed by Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) warriors traveling in the 1700s through the Great Valley of the Appalachians (which they called Jonontore) from Cohongaronto (north of the Potomac), to raid the Catawba in the Carolinas. In 1743, Iroquois headmen complained that Europeans had settled along the road, a treaty violation. The Lancaster Treaty of 1744 clarified the road’s direction and acknowledged the Iroquois’ right to travel through Frederick County to New River settlements and farther south. This road later brought immigrants to the Valley in Conestoga wagons. Today U.S. Route 11 generally follows the historic road.
Year On Marker: 2008
Original Sponsor: Department of Historic Resources
Geographic Location: Frederick County
Physical Description of Location: Winchester, VA 22603. Located on Martinsville Pike (Hwy 11), 0.25 miles east of the intersection of Martinsville Pike (Hwy 11) and I-81. Marker is on the left when traveling east on Martinsville Pike (Hwy 11).
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