Most of the fighting on the second day of the Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks), occurred near here on 1 June 1862. Confederate Maj. Gen. Gustavus W. Smith, who had assumed command following the wounding of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston the evening before, resumed the attack in the morning. When the Union defenses proved too strong, the Confederates disengaged and retired to their original lines. Gen. Robert E. Lee, who already had been assigned to command the Confederate troops in front of Richmond early in the day, assumed that command when Smith collapsed from exhaustion during the afternoon.
Geographic Location: Henrico County
Physical Description of Location: Highland Springs, VA 23075. Located on East Nine Mile Road (Rt. 33), less than 1/5 of a mile north of the intersection of East Nine Mile Road (Rt. 33) and I-64. Marker is on the left when traveling north on East Nine Mile Road (Rt. 33).
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