Pound Gap probably was named for a nearby grain-pounding mill. Christopher Gist, returning from the Ohio River where he surveyed land for the Ohio Company, crossed the gap in 1751. During the Civil War, Pound Gap gained strategic importance as a gateway between Virginia and Kentucky. Union Col. James A. Garfield (later president) and his brigade forced the gap from the Kentucky side on 16 March 1862 after a skirmish with Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. Humphrey Marshall. On 1 June 1864, Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan forced it from the Virginia side, capturing and destroying property in Kentucky. Department of Historic Resources, 1999
Geographic Location: Wise County
Physical Description of Location: 12585-12649 Orby Cantrell Highway (US 23), Pound, VA 24279. Marker is on right when traveling south on US 23 at the top of Pound Gap, adjacent to gas station parking lot.
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