During the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, both Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan led their armies west toward Richmond on this road. Johnston evacuated Yorktown on 3-4 May and withdrew up the Peninsula, with McClellan in pursuit. On 5 May, two Federal divisions clashed with the Confederate rear guard east of Williamsburg in a bloody but indecisive battle. Johnston's army continued its march west and on 6-7 May eluded McClellan's forces at Eltham's Landing on the York River opposite West Point. By mid-month the Confederates were secure behind the Richmond defenses.
Geographic Location: James City County
Physical Description of Location: Williamsburg, VA 23185. Located on Pocahontas Trail (Hwy 60), 0.75 miles south of the junction of Pocahontas Trail (Hwy 60) and Francis Street East. Marker is on the right when traveling south on Pocahontas Trail (Hwy 60).
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