African American attorney Oliver White Hill Sr. helped end racial segregation in American public schools. In 1940, Hill won his first federal civil rights case, Alston v. School Board of Norfolk, Va. This case challenged the pay scale of public school teachers in Norfolk. The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that discriminatory salary rates were in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. In January 1957 a team of lawyers, including Hill, successfully argued Leola Beckett v. Norfolk School Board, a case in which Judge Walter E. Hoffman ordered the school board to integrate public schools by September.
Original Sponsor: Department of Historic Resources
Geographic Location: Norfolk
Physical Description of Location: Proposed Location - Norfolk
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