The Mountain Grove community grew up around William Gatewood's plantation in the early 19th century. During the Civil War, Brig. Gen. William W. Averell's Federal cavalry attacked from newly created West Virginia late in 1863 and fought with Confederate cavalry in the river valleys and mountain passes of western Bath County. One skirmish occurred while Gen. Robert E. Lee's family vacationed just a few miles east at Warm Springs. Averell sought to halt mining in the caves near Mountain Grove that provided the Confederates with saltpeter, then needed desperately for gunpowder manufacture. He failed, and soon military activity moved to eastern Virginia.
Geographic Location: Bath County
Physical Description of Location: 24019. Located on State Route 600 (Rt. 39), 6.5 miles southweast of the intersection of State Route 600 (Rt. 39) and Route 92. Marker is on the right when traveling southweast on State Route 600 (Rt. 39).
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