This 16-square-mile scenic landscape illustrates the changing patterns of rural life since the 1730s as shown in its plantations, farms, mills, churches, and African American communities. The first settlers came from various places, including New Jersey, Maryland, and the Virginia Tidewater. English cultural influences, however, shaped the economic, political, and social character of the area into a western outpost of Tidewater society. The district contains many estates associated with pioneer families, including the Washingtons at Fairfield, Audley, and Elmington; the Larues at Bloomfield, Claremont, and Villa La Rue; and the Allens at Clifton and Balclutha.
Geographic Location: Clarke County
Physical Description of Location: Buckmarsh, VA 22611. Located on Lord Halifax Hwy (Hwy 340), 0.8 miles east of the intersection of Lord Halifax Hwy (Hwy 340) and State Route 611. Marker is on the right when traveling east on Lord Halifax Hwy (Hwy 340).
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