In Dec. 1916, the U.S. Army purchased land four miles north of here to build an airfield to use jointly with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. During World War I, the Army trained aircrews and tested aircraft there. In 1921, Brig. Gen. William "Billy" Mitchell led bombing trials from Langley to demonstrate that air power could destroy battleships. On 1 March 1935, Air Corps Combat units were realigned nationwide under the GHQ Air Force. Led from Langley by Maj. Gen. Frank Andrews, that combat air command was the forerunner of the Army Air Forces of World War II and marked the first real step toward the U.S. Air Force.
Year On Marker: 2005
Original Sponsor: Private Sponsor
Geographic Location: Hampton
Physical Description of Location: 600 Settlers Landing Rd, Hampton, VA 23669-4033. Located on Settlers Landing Road (Hwy 60), 0.25 miles east of the junction of Settlers Landing Road (Hwy 60) and North Amistead Avenue (Rt. 134). Marker is on the right when traveling east on Settlers Landing Road (Hwy 60).
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