A short distance north is the Ely Mound, the best-preserved Indian mound in Virginia. It dates to the Late Woodland-Mississippian Period (AD 1200-1650), during which more complex societies and practices evolved, including chiefdoms and religious ceremonies. Often, temples, elite residences, and council buildings stood atop substructure or townhouse mounds such as Ely Mound. Lucien Carr, assistant curator of the Peabody Museum in Boston, led an excavation here in 1877. By proving the connection between this mound and present-day Indians, Carr refuted the then-popular "lost race" hypothesis for Mound Builders in eastern North America.
Geographic Location: Lee County
Physical Description of Location: Rose Hill, VA 24281. Located on Daniel Boone Trail (Hwy 421), 1 mile northeast of the junction of Daniel Boone Trail (Hwy 421) and State Road 744. Marker is on the left when traveling northeast on Daniel Boone Trail (Hwy 421).
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