George Gilmore was born into slavery at Montpelier about 1810. Like millions of African Americans throughout the South, Gilmore made the transition to freedom after the Civil War. Many emancipated slaves worked on the same plantations where they once labored. Gilmore, his wife Polly and five children lived in this cabin built by family members in 1873 and farmed the surrounding fields. In 1901 George Gilmore obtained the deed for 16 acres from Dr. James A. Madison. After Gilmore's death in 1905 the property remained in the family until 1920. Archaeological and architectural investigations have resulted in the restoration of this rare example of a surviving freed family's cabin.
Year On Marker: 2000
Original Sponsor: Virginia Historical Society and Department of Historic Resources
Geographic Location: Orange County
Physical Description of Location: Marker located at intersection of Constitution Highway (Route 20 westbound) and Montpelier Road, Orange, VA 22960. Marker is on right when traveling west on 20, across street from US Post Office and entrance to Montpelier.
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