On 24 Aug. 1800, slave Ben Woolfolk met with other slaves at nearby Littlepage's Bridge to recruit individuals for an insurrection planned for 30 Aug. The insurgents led by Gabriel, a slave owned by Thomas Henry Prosser of Henrico County, intended to march into Richmond, capture Governor James Monroe, and force him and other leaders to support political, social, and economic equality. Intense rains delayed the scheme. Mosby Sheppard of Henrico County notified Monroe of the conspiracy after his slaves, Tom and Pharoah, made him aware of the plot. Monroe called out the militia, who captured many of the alleged conspirators. Trials were held in a number of jurisdictions, including Caroline County, resulting the execution of Gabriel and at least 25 supporters.
Geographic Location: Caroline County
Physical Description of Location: Hanover, VA 23069. Located on Richmond Turnpike (Hwy 301), 0.4 miles south of the intersection of Richmond Turnpike (Hwy 301) and North Wales Farm Road. Marker is on the left when traveling south on Richmond Turnpike (Hwy 301).
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