Here at Marlbourne is the grave of Edmund Ruffin (1794-1865), one of the leading American agriculturists of the 19th century. He published and edited the Farmer's Register, an agricultural journal, for several years. In 1843, Ruffin moved to Marlbourne, where he performed many experiments to maintain the fertility of the soil using marl (a natural deposit of calcium carbonate) as fertilizer, resulting in increased crop yields. An ardent secessionist, he fired one of the first shots at Fort Sumter on 13 April 1861, and kept detailed journals documenting events during the Civil War. Despondent over the South's defeat, he committed suicide in June 1865.
Geographic Location: Hanover County
Physical Description of Location: Mechanicsville, VA 23111. Located on Mechanicsville Turnpike (Hwy 360), less than 1/5 of a mile east of the intersection of Mechanicsville Turnpike (Hwy 360) and State Road 628. Marker is on the right when traveling east on Mechanicsville Turnpike (Hwy 360).
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