Buckingham County was formed from Albemarle County in 1761. The county seat is Buckingham, originally known as Maysville. In 1822 a courthouse, Virginia's first temple-form porticoed courthouse, was constructed there based on Thomas Jefferson's plans. The courthouse burned in 1869 and was rebuilt in 1873 to a similar design. Renowned American Revolutionary soldier Peter Francisco lived here for a number of years. It is also the birthplace of noted African American teacher, educator and historian Carter G. Woodson (1875-1950).
Date Approved by DHR: 06/18/03
Year On Marker: 2003
Geographic Location: Nelson County
Physical Description of Location: James River Road (Virginia 56), Wingina, VA 24599. Marker is on left when traveling south on Virginia 56, about 500 feet past intersection with Norwood Road (State Route 647).
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