On 24 Oct. 1862, Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, following Pres. Abraham Lincoln’s orders, began marching the Army of the Potomac from Maryland into Loudoun County to get between Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and Richmond. Lee directed his cavalry chief, Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, to block the advance and give the Army of Northern Virginia time to march from the western side of the Blue Ridge and protect Richmond. From 31 Oct. through 3 Nov., Stuart delayed McClellan south of here until Lee could concentrate his infantry in Culpeper County, and Lincoln replaced McClellan.
Original Sponsor: DHR-TEA Sesquicentennial
Geographic Location: Loudoun County
Physical Description of Location: Proposed Location: Unison
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