A short distance to the north stood a fort built by Lord Dunmore's troops in 1775. From there on 9 Dec. 1775 Dunmore attacked the Second Virginia Regiment over the Great Bridge, a wooden causeway across the marsh and open water of the Southern Branch of the Elizabeth River. Protecting their defensive works, the colonial forces, commanded by Col. William Woodford, easily defeated Dunmore's troop's detachment. This was the first pitched battle of the American Revolution in Virginia. The governor's troops sustained a large number of casualties, causing them to retreat to Norfolk, where they boarded ships in the harbor.
Geographic Location: Chesapeake
Physical Description of Location: Northeast of Route 168 Business and Intracoastal Waterway at Great Bridge Battlefield Park.
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