In early Oct. 1864, portions of Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's army bivouacked here on the hills and rolling farmland just north of Cedar Creek along the Valley Turnpike (present-day U.S. Rte. 11). Just before daybreak on 19 Oct., Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's infantry divisions surprised and attacked the Federals, routing two of Sheridan's three infantry corps. Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright, commanding in Sheridan's absence, organized a retreat north. Sheridan arrived on the battlefield from Winchester by midmorning and rode along the front to rally his men. By late afternoon the Federals had counterattacked Early's left front and crushed the Confederate troops, who fled south.
Geographic Location: Frederick County
Physical Description of Location: Valley Pike (Route 11), Middletown, VA 22645, about .1 miles south of intersection of Belle Grove Road (State Route 727). Marker is on right when traveling south on Route 11.
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