The first combat in the Civil War between United States Colored Troops and Confederates north of the James River occurred near here. On 15 May 1864, Confederate Brig. Gen. Thomas Rosser pushed forward a cavalry detachment along Catharpin Road to determine the position of the Union army. His men encountered—and pushed back—the 2nd Ohio Cavalry. To support the cavalry, the nearby 23rd United States Colored Infantry hurried forward to the intersection of Catharpin Road and Orange Plank Road. After skirmishing with the Confederates, the 23rd charged and caused Rosser to withdraw.
Date Approved by DHR: June 20, 2013
Date Installed-Dedicated: May 17, 2014
Year On Marker: 2013
Original Sponsor: DHR-TEA Sesquicentennial
Geographic Location: Spotsylvania County
Physical Description of Location: North corner of the intersection of Catharpin Road (Rte. 612) and Sawhill Boulevard (entrance to Sawhill subdivision) Spotsylvania, VA 22553.
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